Many women have a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS, without even knowing it. Often times, candidates with PCOS experience irregular periods and increased facial hair and acne, especially in the chin, lips and sideburns.
It’s the result of a hormone imbalance, and PCOS often – but not always – causes cysts to form on the ovaries.
These cysts are not harmful, but they lead to hormone imbalances that can lead to shorter or longer periods, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity. It’s also important to diagnose PCOS as early as possible so it doesn’t lead to long-term complications like type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
What causes PCOS?
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes polycystic ovary syndrome, but there are some theories about some of the risk factors:
Excess insulin: Too much insulin can affect the ovaries by increasing androgen production (male hormones), which can eventually interfere with the ovaries’ ability to ovulate properly.
Low-grade inflammation: Studies have shown that women who have PCOS also have low-grade inflammation, which causes polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.
Heredity: PCOS can run in families, so if your mother or sister has it, you are more likely to get it too.
Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome begin soon after a woman begins menstruating, but PCOS can also develop during the later reproductive years. There are several signs to watch for; However, individuals may be affected differently, and symptoms worsen with obesity.
The Mayo Clinic and WebMD say you should pay attention to the following symptoms:
This is one of the most common symptoms of PCOS. Some examples include periods that are on a 35-day or longer cycle, fewer than eight periods in a year, longer or heavier periods, and failure to menstruate for four months or more.
Excess Facial and Body Hair
You may notice hair growth on your chin, chest, back, abdomen and even on your toes.
You may experience depression or mood swings that seem out of character.
PCOS can also lead to acne or very oily skin. Acne can be very deep and painful.5. insulin-level issues
Excess insulin interferes with the ovaries’ ability to ovulate properly. the treatment
Treatment of PCOS is different for everyone. Your doctor may prescribe lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help you lose weight. Your doctor may also prescribe birth control to help control your periods and reduce androgen production. However, each patient is different, so if you recognize any symptoms, you should talk to your doctor to get a diagnosis and learn the best way. Treat your PCOS and symptoms.