make menuconfig kernel Then save the config file In the kernel source directory, type make menuconfig for configurating the kernel configuration, select : Device Driver -> Block devices -> Set “M” On “Network block device support” Save the configuration and exit, now begin to make via: $ make prepare && make modules_prepare && make On a recent Gentoo Linux installation, invoking make_kernel_menuconfig in the build system fails. (Or run "make allnoconfig" and then use menuconfig to add just the features you need. org menuconfig. 10. The configuration interface presents an exhaustive list of options. - [Voiceover] Lets look at my favorite way of configuring a Linux kernel using make menucongfig. 4. The choices are "Y", "n", and "?". config. Configure a Linux kernel using make menuconfig. To build the Linux kernel from source, you need several tools: git, make, gcc, libssl-dev and (optionally) ctags, cscope, and/or ncurses-dev. make menuconfig works. Stop. Within menuconfig, use the / key to search modules by name. make menuconfig: An ncurses-based pseudo-graphical menu (only text input). There are other graphics variants that you can use to configure the kernel make xconfig and make gconfig, which just use different graphics tools kits for the menu structure. If you want to work in text terminal only, here's a how to. config file to your development server Now for your next machine to upgrade you'll copy. 0. The full configuration is in 'make kernel_menuconfig', but its content differs from the other one. If you make any configuration changes, it will also create a backup of your original. The process of building and compiling the Linux kernel takes some time to complete. Menuconfig modifies your . Make qconfig/xconfig/gconfig -- same as menuconfig, except that now the configuration menu is graphics based. debug"'. make kernel_menuconfig - gui should come up In the gui - go down and select Device Drivers Go down and select PPS support Enable PPS support (check the checkbox by making it an asterisk by kitting the spacebar The only difference is that one can save time by adjusting the old kernel configuration for the changes made in the new kernel instead of going through all the kernel options (like make menuconfig) again. 3 shows the initial screen for the make menuconfig. In the Ubuntu's Build Your Own Kernel guide it is stated that you have to install following programs : sudo apt-get install libncurses-dev flex bison openssl libssl-dev dkms libelf-dev libudev-dev libpci-dev libiberty-dev autoconf to be able to compile the kernel from source successfully. Stop. Make a copy of your existing kernel configuration to use for the custom compile process. $ make-j$ (expr 10. config copy the /linux-5. Make menuconfig -- creates a menu where you can browse options on what the kernel supports. Requires curses library, but that is likely already on your computer. 4. bitbake -c patch virtual/kernel. config (from /boot/config-* or /proc/config. The configuration options will appear in hierarchies with `make menuconfig' and `make xconfig'. Make Menuconfig The GUI editor makes it rather easy to edit your config file, as everything is categorized for you, making options easy to find. $ make odroidg12_defconfig $ make menuconfig. 4. Select the settings you need on the kernel and unmark the things which are not required. com Introduction: This handout will guide you through how to do menuconfig on Android kernel for beagle board. The kernel configuration file . org is a web version of the Linux kernel configuration menu (make menuconfig) I/O scheduler configuration with make menuconfig With the introduction of kernel version 5. followed by: $ make make kernel-menuconfig This target makes sure the default configuration from TSWO_KERNEL_CONFIG has been fetched and copied into an uncompressed kernel source before invoking the Linux kernel's menuconfig target for you. Support will be compiled directly into the kernel. CALL scripts/checksycalls. , make bzImage) refers the file which source files are compiled. make menuconfig This is the kernel hacker mainstay. Building a Kernel Module with the SDK. This manual provides background information on the Yocto Linux kernel Metadata, describes common tasks you can perform using the kernel tools, and shows you how to use the kernel Metadata needed to work with the kernel inside the Yocto Project. To configure kernel with menuconfig open PKGBUILD and find line #make menuconfig # CLI menu for configuration and uncomment this line. The configuration interface presents an exhaustive list of options. Navigate through the menu to modify the desired options. > > Actually, that *won't* get you back "the config that came with the sources". The patch keeps entries only in > 'Kernel hacking'. That is the configuration option that the kernel needs to have enabled in order to build the module. So select “Save” and save the config in the file name “. You can find a copy of the old kernel configuration file on a running system at /boot/config-3. Building a Custom Kernel. Do not skip this step even if you are only upgrading one minor version. Here is a list of courses I currently Running make kernel_menuconfig always seems to segfault, also after make dirclean. A new kernel may have had options or features added or removed since the old kernel. This is typically done by make menuconfig command, and it writes a file (. Figure 8. Support will be provided via a loadable kernel module. config make menuconfig make xconfig Myself, I like the graphical configuration editor of make xconfig, but you also have the text-mode menu-driven one in make menuconfig, and if you happen to be really familiar with how this stuff works already, you can just dig in with nano, or vi, or your other favorite text editor. Configuration is most commonly done through the make menuconfig interface. Kicking off a build. Wind River Education Resources If you need to customize the kernel configuration, you may run the menuconfig task by: bitbake -c menuconfig virtual/kernel Note: by default these command requires you to run in X Windows. Once you are done selecting the drivers, exit from the menu screen. We will use the default config provided by the kernel. Regardless of how you intend to make use of the Yocto Project, chances are you will work with the Linux kernel. Ncurses interface should show up, choose Device Drivers and press Enter. The text-mode configurator can be run with make config and prompts the user to select configuration options in order (Figure 1). org Make menuconfig is not a mouse oriented GUI. You should have installed “libncurses and libncurses-devel” packages for this command to work. Support will be compiled directly into the kernel. g. Configure a kernel (make menuconfig in Linux) ¶ In Linux kernel, there is a configuration system in Linux kernel to enable/disable features. 3. (-v7lstephen) Local version - append to kernel release Compile the kernel, modules, and device tree blobs. A Hand out on How to do make menuconfig on android Kernel Kaushik Prajapati San Jose State University kaushikprajapati@gmail. sh CHK include/generated/compil. Hi, I think that has not yet been reported - after installing recent 2. config You can take your existing. 4 Wheezy. 6. 6. However, when I ran make menuconfig, I noticed that, while I could search through the kernel for the particular CONFIG option, I couldn't actually navigate to the menu to enable it. "make xconfig" X windows based configuration tool. Now, many times it happens that I should build a kernel from scratch and I should run "make menuconfig" to set the configuration I need. Here you can enable or disable certain kernel features. Menuconfig: This is a Kconfig feature or mechanism that offers menu-based access to Kernel options. > > Noticed as two 'make menuconfig' entries in both top level menu > and in 'Kernel hacking' menu. Make Kernel Configuration Changes if Applicable: If your situation calls for changing the kernel's configuration, you can use menuconfig, which allows you to interactively develop and test the configuration changes you are making to the kernel. Exporting Custom Kernel Headers. Configuring the kernel with make config PC $> make menuconfig starts a terminal-oriented configuration tool (using ncurses) (Figure 2) The ncurses text version is more popular and is run with the make menuconfig option. Gy. I used to simply browse in the menu to find the option, and just remember the correct path. When building a new kernel based on a previous config, is there a way to automate the make oldconfig process so that it sets new options to their default values?. You can descend into the menus that interest you and change only the configuration options you care about. A wrong choice in this step may result in a kernel crash. org Source. config file generated by any previous make [menu|x]configs. Config: This is used to update the kernel config file using the line program. There are many ways to go about doing this. Using the option "make O=output/dir" allow you to specify an alternate place for the output files (including. Prime the kernel with the old configuration by running "ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} make oldconfig" Modify the kernel configuration by either modifying the . make oldconfig is very clever. 7, it shows: There’s no point in building a custom kernel if you’re not going to customize it, though. config. The terminal lists all Linux kernel components: memory management, hardware device drivers, filesystem drivers, network drivers, and process management. 20-8]# make menuconfig. Views: 6397. To build a smaller Busybox binary, run "make menuconfig" and disable the features you don't need. h Kernel: arch/arm/boot/Image is ready Kernel; arch/arm/boot/zImage is ready The present Kernel configuration has modules disabled. But once you have a working configuration, the only thing that is necessary is to update it with any new options that have been added to the kernel since the last release. Thank you !Suggested videos: Linux Kernel Compilationhttp://the-linux-channel. Select Multimedia support, Go to build folder and type "make kernel" make menuconfig which brings up the kernel configuration menu. To configure different kernel options, a user runs either a text-mode or a graphical kernel configurator. Figure 2. I think menuconfig is the most popular of these targets. Figure 2 The menuconfig interface. The options are the same as you'd see in xconfig, with one crucial difference -- there's no way to "grey out" an option in menuconfig. To launch menuconfig and other Kconfig features, you should be inside the platform project directory. menuconfig provides a menu driven interface to search and configure the various kernel options, however the search feature is renowned for not being user friendly. Previously, we used the make menuconfig or gconfig or xconfig method to change different configuration options. configfile, named. 2, the selection of the CONFIG_MQ_IOSCHED_DEADLINE option is automatic when the CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED configuration option is set. I have installed libncurses-dev, kernel-package, qt4-dev-tools. Actually firstly run "make oldconfig", so your old settings are migrated and only new or changed options are presented to you to select. bpc linux # make menuconfig make: *** No rule to make target `menuconfig'. After typing the desired command, the first question asks whether the kernel to be built is going to be a 64-bit kernel or not. config > and then running 'make localmodconfig' is a popular choice). Type 'make config' and enable loadable module support. Normal make menuconfig works fine, and make menuconfig in vanilla linux-4. config. ) For me it takes 5 minutes to compile the kernel (with -j 5), and compared to Slackwares huge kernel, boot time decreased 5 seconds. To start the menuconfig program, in a terminal move to your LeapFrog Linux source directory of choice, and into the main kernel directory, usually named something like linux-2. I want you do check and make sure you have your APM (the old stuff) turned off. make download (download all dependency source files before final make, enables multi-core compilation). Since kernel version 5. See full list on kernelnewbies. Once the configuration is complete, it is now time to start a kernel build. This option also useful on remote server if you wanna compile kernel remotely. org Give a LIKE, if you are looking for more such niche video topics. Every Linux professional—including those in system administration, operations, and software development—needs to be familiar with the functionality of the Linux kernel as well as the mechanics of configuring and troubleshooting it. The kernel configuration file . config). All config symbol values are saved in a special file called . old. You can use the following to launch the Kconfig menuconfig feature. The Linux kernel is highly configurable; advanced users may wish to modify the default configuration to customise it to their needs, such as enabling a new or experimental network protocol, or enabling support for new hardware. Wikipedia Menuconfig also explains how to "navigate" within the configuration menu, and highlights main key strokes. As an example I will also demonstrate how to add different drivers for devices using menuconfig and in the… 1. When the grey and blue screen starts (if you have chosen menuconfig instead of xconfig and oldconfig) its time to pay special attention to every move. 6/ # make menuconfig Select the following option (not as a loadable module) Networking >> Networking options >> Network packet filtering (replaces ipchains) >> Core Netfilter Configuration >> Netfilter Xtables support (required for ip_tables) and select the all following options as modules. Use 'odroidc4_android_defconfig' instead of 'odroidg12_defconfig' for Android. After a successful build, you will find the kernel image ( Image) in arch/arm64/boot/ directory. debug:source "Documentation/Kconfig" > Kconfig: source "Documentation/Kconfig" > > Kconfig also included 'source "lib/Kconfig. make menuconfig From the window that is opened, select General setup. bitbake -c menuconfig virtual/kernel. net> > Signed-off-by: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo. Some targets have a GUI (for the user's convenience) while most don't. for menuconfig the command would look like make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=arm-linux-gnueabihf- menuconfig Once the configuration window is open you can then select which kernel components should be included in the build. Configuring the kernel. Every time you want to change a kernel compile configuration, you execute a make target, such as menuconfig or xconfig. Support will be provided via a loadable kernel module. config file from your development server to /linux-5. If you simply select exit, the command will generate the default kernel configuration. Be sure to check that for navigation, search, and other general help text. make menuconfig, with a menu-driven user interface, allows the user to choose the features of Linux (and other options) that will be compiled. 39 directory works fine as well. ) yum install hmaccalc zlib-devel binutils-devel elfutils Configuring the kernel with make config PC $> make menuconfig starts a terminal-oriented configuration tool (using ncurses) (Figure 2) The ncurses text version is more popular and is run with the make menuconfig option. The xconfig (‘qconf’), menuconfig (‘mconf’), and nconfig (‘nconf’) programs also have embedded help text. So, I used apt-get install make. i. Then build a kernel with module support enabled. org, there *isn't* a >. Start building the kernel by running the following command: make. Then the module needs to be enabled with make kernel-menuconfig as “M (odule)”, use / to search. And many times , after make menuconfig To change the friendly name, navigate to “General Setup” and select/modify “Local Version – append to kernel release”. 3. Furthermore, when I tried to modify tegra_defconfig , which is the standard kernel configuration for Nvidia platforms, to include the required CONFIG option, the # as a user make menuconfig make -j4 # as root make install # reboot and enjoy Its understood users may not know how to configure the backports package, just like they may not know how to configure the Linux kernel, so a short cut is provided with default configuration files that can be used to only build their drivers / subsystems of interest. 1/. The command to make subsequent changes is make uclibc-menuconfig. config file or using "ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} make menuconfig" Build the new kernel by using "ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=${CCPREFIX} make" . Run the menu configuration tool: $ make menuconfig make defconfig to set default config for build system and device. Find the kernel src, then: make menuconfig (openwrt is 'make kernel_menuconfig', in the top floor) To make kernel with no windows, without any GUI, we can use menuconfig. Working with a Headless Raspberry PI 4 with an Ubuntu Server 18. Run the following command and a blue screen will appear. > > CC: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel. What happens if they are configured differently? Regards K. Hope this helps someone in the same predicament. config file. 0 and the removal of the block layer legacy single queue I/O path, only the mq-deadline scheduler remains. *** 'make menuconfig' See full list on nixos. Exiting the configuration will save your selections to a file in the root of the kernel tree called. config (which contains the configuration of your current working kernel) as the configuration file: Then browse through the kernel configuration menu and make your choices. x kernels and then trying to configure the kernel with "make menuconfig" I get the BUILD directory for the kernel: When compiling the kernel, all output files will per default be stored together with the kernel source code. 0; Kernel Configuration with Fragments. A blue menu will open up with a listing of categories. Arrow down until you have highlighted Automatically append version information to the version string. The tool packages may be called something else in your Linux distribution, so you may need to search for the package. make menuconfig Most developers choose "make menuconfig" or one of the other graphical menus. See full list on maketecheasier. Linux kernel If you already have a kernel configuration file, you can directly specify this file in the Buildroot configuration, using BR2_LINUX_KERNEL_USE_CUSTOM_CONFIG. It is a good idea to keep this file for future reference: Configuring the kernel Now you can start the kernel configuration by typing any one of the following command in source code directory: $ make menuconfig – Text based color menus, radiolists & dialogs. gentoo. You can also use make xconfig (which uses Qt3 menus). Under "General Setup", make sure that: Next thing to do is configuring the kernel. config When you run the next step, you'll be asked (potentially lots of) questions about all the new options. 9 does not fix the issue. config file through an interactive menu where you can enable or disable Busybox features, and get help about each feature. The ncurses text version is more popular and is run with the make menuconfig option (Figure 2). Note that the ` character is the one below the tilde ~ cp /boot/config-`uname -r` /usr/src/linux/. Figure 2. make kernel_menuconfig 出错: make[1]: Entering directory '/home/parallels/lede/target/linux' make[2]: Entering directory '/home/parallels/lede/target/linux/x86 This option compiles the kernel modules inside the kernel, you can either pick what modules you think can be integrated and make them built-in by pressing “y” on them when in the menuconfig, or do a quick-and-dirty change of the kernel config with (adjust the path in this example to point to your target's actual kernel config) On 3/7/21 6:00 AM, Sergei Trofimovich wrote: > Before the change there were two inclusions of Documentation/Kconfig: > lib/Kconfig. Now when I try make menuconfig I get this: Linux Kernel Configuration Guide. To be able to perform a successful kernel build, you will need to install the following packages: yum groupinstall "Development Tools" yum install ncurses-devel. > If you look in a release source tarball from kernel. 11. make menuconfig and modify set of package. Also try “make nconfig”…I like this because of the ability to search for symbols. config in there, you need to create one somehow (copying a distro . 1 is installed, installing ncurses-5. To customize your configuration, open make menuconfig. I trying to upgrade my kernel, but when I type "make menuconfig" it says: *** Unable to find the ncurses libraries or the *** required header files. config produced by the make menuconfig step above contains all the configuration selections for the kernel that was just compiled. Wind River Linux Kernel Command Line Tutorials, 7. config”. This is at least necessary for Raspberry Pi 4 (32 bit) to gain USB support by enabling CONFIG_ARM_LPAE and CONFIG_PCIE_BRCMSTB: $ make menuconfig Build the kernel, the modules and the device tree blobs: $ make nano . Wikipedia Menuconfig also explains how to "navigate" within the configuration menu, and highlights main key strokes. Kernel hacking; Amateur Radio support; InfiniBand support; and any hardware that you obviously don't have; Config Methods [edit | edit source] console based: make menuconfig (GUI) Qt Based: make xconfig (GUI) GTK Based: make gconfig; Other. 6. An easy and straightforward way to do this is to first copy your existing kernel config file and then use ‘menuconfig’ to make changes (if necessary). On the bottom of the make menuconfig interface, are things like help and exit, and you move between those with your right and left buttons. This is the best way to 'upgrade' your kernel, especially among relatively close version numbers. config) at the kernel source directory. gz) on a newer kernel, the make oldconfig process will ask wether or not you want to enable options that were not available in your older kernel. Module. It is a good idea to keep this file for future reference: Before compiling the kernel, we need to configure which modules are to be included and which ones are to be left out. make menuconfig. For each option, three choices are available: Yes. Now run the make menuconfig command to configure the Linux kernel. config. Those categories contain features that you can select to build into your kernel. Menuconfig opens to the size of the terminal you start it from. $ make menuconfig This will open up an interactive menu that organizes configuration options in a more user-friendly manner. Is there problem for using this command sequence? Have a great day, Pavel Chubakov make menuconfig make mrproper blows away any and all cruft in the /usr/src/linux tree, including your. Even it can do it's job between different versions of kernel. Some kernel parameters can be configured in 'make menuconfig', but not all of them. Make dependencies See full list on armadeus. org> > CC: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn. Kconfig-related tools and source code reside mainly under scripts/kconfig/ in the If the developer has pointed you at a specific config file to use, save it in the linux directory with the filename. Command sequence for menuconfig: bitbake -c cleansstate virtual/kernel. In the above example, the option CONFIG_E1000 is the configuration option that you are looking for. com The make menuconfig interface gives you a list … of options of what you want to configure, … and you can drill down within those options … to greater and greater detail. org Ok, so I just installed my sources for kernel-sources-2. If you are running Linux on a system with hardware or wish to use features not supported in the stock kernels, or perhaps you wish to reduce the kernel memory footprint to make better use of your system memory, you may find it necessary to build your own custom kernel. In practice, this is achieved by using one of the next two constructs: make prepare make modules_prepare make -j 4 M=drivers/usb/gadget Now, prepare certain directories within live kernel hierarcy tree to host newly compiled modules It’s a Linux kernel build item…hardware won’t matter. Figure 2 The menuconfig interface. 9 and when I first tried make menuconfig it said command not found. config on the new machine. If you unfamiliar with these menus, just hit ESC key to exit. make kernel_menuconfig (optional it's highly likely that kernel modules from the repositories won't work when you make changes here). Module. make menuconfig is one of five similar tools that can configure Linux source, a necessary early step needed to compile the source code. Alternate configuration commands are: "make menuconfig" Text based color menus, radiolists & dialogs. keep old Kernels settings: make oldconfig less screen Clutter: make silentoldconfig; edit the /usr/src There are times when I need to build a kernel when a monitor is not connected to it ; so I am connecting by SSH and try to begin the kernel build process. 20-8]# make menuconfig. make defconfig: Generates a new config with default from the ARCH supplied defconfig file. (And 'make menuconfig' after, to choose what should be included in the kernel instead of built as modules. It’s clear,Thank you. Use configuration of current kernel. . Compile. I suspect this happens since host ncurses was upgraded from 5. Figure 3 The xconfig interface. When I run 'make menuconfig' in the directory /linux-5. [root@heinz linux-2. Use “make help” to list all of the possible configuration targets. Now run make menuconfig and select your Fritzbox and Fritzos. Prodigy 150 points marcus lu Replies: 3. To make sure all the suboptions will really show up under the menuconfig entry and not outside of it, every item from the <config options> list must depend on the menuconfig symbol. By using make menuconfig, the user is presented with a menu-driven configuration tool that make oldconfig (say M to all new options for ACPI--you can also say "Y" if you prefer to compile it directly into your kernel) Now go in to the config file with make menuconfig. If you dont want to do that every time, you could upload your changes in make/linux/configs/freetz/ as a push-request. These read the Kconfig files to create the menus and update the config symbols' values using the values defined in the . You are ready to answer the questions, usually with `y' (yes) or Device drivers typically have an `m' option. Then to make sure everything is ok, run "make menuconfig" or "make xconfig". yum install qt3-devel (This is only necessary if you wish to use make xconfig instead of make gconfig or make menuconfig. After that, you can compile the kernel by: bitbake -f -c compile virtual/kernel Fine control Configure a Linux kernel using make menuconfig. Now we will launch the utility that will let us customize the kernel: cd /usr/src/linux. $ make menuconfig. I am trying to configure the source kernel. the-toffee-pr bash:/usr/src/linux$ make menuconfig If you start menuconfig in a longer terminal window, you'll be able to see more categories without scrolling. Build system (e. Creating Alternate Kernels from kernel. Kernel Configuration with menuconfig. "qconfig" Requires the QT library. wiki If you’ve ever compiled the Linux kernel, you’ll know make menuconfig is the command line used to unset/set options, disable/enable modules in order to match your hardware and requirements. Dear sir : I am working on TI8148 platform and when I extract I conduct classes worldwide on Networking, Linux, Linux Kernel, Systems software programming, Open-Source and Research. Start the build with: $ make -j4. If you are running Linux on a system with hardware or wish to use features not supported in the stock kernels, or perhaps you wish to reduce the kernel memory footprint to make better use of your system memory, you may find it necessary to build your own custom kernel. 1/. [root@heinz linux-2. The targets are processed by different host programs, which are provided by the kernel and built during kernel building. Figure 3 The xconfig interface. I use Debian 7. For each option, three choices are available: Yes. This command pops up a text-based menu-style configurator using the ncurses library. e. make ARCH=powerpc menuconfig To produce the kernel image: make ARCH=powerpc UIMAGE_LOADADDR=0x8000 uImage If the mkimage utility is available in the build environment The make menuconfig, will launch a text-based user interface with default configuration options as shown in the figure. make menuconfig You can alternatively to “make menuconfig” run “make oldconfig” or “make xconfig”. org> Hi, OK, it shouldn't be there in 2 places. Building a Custom Kernel. Now you have the information you need to configure the kernel. Kernel Module Configuration with make Rules. config produced by the make menuconfig step above contains all the configuration selections for the kernel that was just compiled. Rebuild kernel: $ bitbake virtual/kernel . Posted: Wed Aug 07, 2019 3:59 pm Post subject: make: *** No rule to make target 'menuconfig'. The current usage is good under Kernel Hacking (development), but I can easily foresee cases Custom features can be added using the menuconfig interface, which is triggered via make menuconfig command. Then you can start kernel build with make again. 04. $ make multi_v7_defconfig At this point you can modify the configuration using, for instance, menuconfig. Another possibility is make xconfig for a graphical version of menuconfig, if you are running X. ncurses-6. How to use make menuconfig in kernel directory. See full list on wiki. Press the space bar to un-select this option. make menuconfig will show you text-based menus help you to select kernel drivers. … The make menuconfig method The make menuconfig method is the better choice for a beginning kernel hacker. 9 to 6. Once you execute the below command a pop up window appears with all the menus. Edit: What I mean is that when using a . … You move around in make menuconfig with your arrow keys … and the enter key, not your mouse. …then you could have accidentally removed your kernel sources when you cleaned the package dependencies (via emerge --depclean ). 4 LTS. 0. What lies at the heart of the Linux operating system? The Linux kernel. The simplest way to do this is to run: $ make. See full list on linuxconfig. Go to Load an Alternate Configuration File and choose. run make menuconfig and make your changes and save them to. Run "make config" to configure the basic kernel. config file by using the command cp /boot/config- uname -r *. Before you run make oldconfig, you need to copy a kernel configuration file from an older kernel into the root directory of the new kernel. The ncurses-dev tools are used if you "make menuconfig" or "make nconfig". make menuconfig kernel

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